Unexpected allergens

Allergen can be very complex, especially on a scale. Read more about it in ‘Global allergy management‘. Allergen management can be perceived as simple, using an egg in a mixed product. The egg has to be declared in the . Simple as that. However, allergy management comes with a lot of complexity. Therefore, the following table has been constructed, to ensure cross- is prevented or limited. For, , antioxidants are added to your product. How are the antioxidants produced and where they derived from egg or soy, could this potentially impact the processing facility or certain .

Table

Acidity regulator – lactate (326, 327, 328, 329)What is it derived from (e.g. lactic acid (milk) or whey (milk), pork, etc.)?
Acidity regulator – lactic acid (270)What is it derived from (e.g. milk, tomatoes, molasses, potato, maize , wheat starch)?
Albumin / albumenWhat is it derived from (e.g. egg, milk etc.)?
Amylase (alpha & beta)What is it derived from (e.g. pig, wheat, barley, soy etc.)?
AntioxidantsWhat are they derived from (e.g. soy, egg)?
Baking powder / bicarbonate of sodaDoes this contain any carriers or bases or anti-caking agents (e.g. wheat flour, rice flour etc.)?
Is the line shared with other foods (e.g. milk)?
Banana chipsWhat oil was used in the preparation of this product? Peanut oil has been reported to have been used. Refer to section on Fat / Oil.
Beta-caroteneDoes it contain tocopherols and what are they derived from (e.g. soy)? Refer to section on Tocopherols.
Is it microencapsulated? If so, what is the capsule/coating derived from (e.g. fish)?
Beta-galactosidaseDoes it contain milk?
Beverage whitenerDoes it contain wheat, soy, casein (milk) etc.?
BindersDo they contain milk, egg, cereals containing gluten?
Is the line shared with other foods (e.g. lupin, soy, other cereals containing gluten)?
BreadcrumbsDo they contain sesame seeds?
Are all possible sources considered (i.e. this is often a ‘rework’ product)? Other bread sources can contain lupin, soy etc. in addition to a range of cereals.
Is the bread used for the breadcrumbs glazed with milk or egg?
BrineCheck for (e.g. casein (milk)).
CaramelWhat is it derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, sugar beet, cane sugar etc.)?
CarotenoidsAre they microencapsulated? If so, what is the capsule/coating derived from (e.g. fish, crustacea)?
CerealsIs it a product of / does it contain wheat, oats, rye, barley, spelt, including hybridised strains?
CheeseDoes it contain rennet (refer to section on Rennet), vinegar (refer to section on Vinegar), gelatine (refer to section on Gelatine), lysozymes (refer to section on Lysozymes), starch (e.g. Edam & Gouda cheese) (refer to section on Starch)?
Cheese (grated)wheat starch, wheat flour, maize etc.)? Refer to section on Cheese.
Cheese powderDoes it contain anti-caking agent? If yes, what is it and what is it derived from (e.g.
wheat starch, wheat flour, maize etc.)? Refer to section on Cheese.
Cocoa powderDoes it contain soy lecithin or wheat flour?
Coconut / desiccated coconutDoes it contain added sulphites?
Coconut milk / coconut milk powderDoes it contain milk components such as casein? Is the processing line shared with other foods (e.g. milk)?
Colour(s)Is there a carrier? If yes, what is the carrier derived from? Does it contain maltodextrin (refer to section on Maltodextrin), starch (refer to section on Starch), Yeast/yeast extract (refer section on yeast), soy, cereals containing gluten?
Check for the addition of sulphites.
Colour (101) – riboflavinWhat is it derived from (e.g. yeast)? Refer to section on Yeast/yeast extract.
Colour (153) – carbon black or brilliant blackDoes it contain ? Refer to section on Glucose.
Colour (160a) – beta caroteneIs it microencapsulated? If so, what is the capsule/coating derived from (e.g. fish gelatine)?
Colour (161) – xanthophyllsWhat is it derived from (e.g. animal, egg, egg yolk, crustacea, fish)?
CornDoes this refer to maize or wheat? Some countries use the terms “corn” and “wheat” interchangeably.
Cornflour / corn starchIs this derived from wheat or maize flour?
CulturesCheck for milk.
Curry paste / curry powderWhat are the ingredients (including compound ingredients)? Do they contain allergens?
Check for possible allergens associated with agricultural co-mingling (not just added allergens).
DatesDo they contain any anti-caking agents (e.g. wheat flour, oat flour etc.)?
Dehydrated / dried productsDo they contain oils (used as a processing aid)? Refer to section on Fat / Oil. Refer to Table 2 (Allergens associated with agricultural co-mingling).
Check for sulphites. Are sulphites naturally occurring? Are sulphites added as processing aids? What levels are the sulphites in finished dehydrated vegetables (e.g. onions, potato, chives, etc.)?
Dextrin / / maltodextrinIs this derived from oats or wheat?
Glucose syrups made from wheat starch may be exempt from mandatory declaration. Confirm if the dextrose etc. is exempt. Confirm that all exemption conditions are met.
EmulsifierWhat is it derived from (e.g. soy, egg, wheat)?
Emulsifier – calcium stearate / stearic acid (570)What is it derived from (e.g. peanuts)?
Emulsifier – sodium lactylates / calcium stearoyl lactylate (481)What is it derived from (e.g. peanuts, milk)?
EnzymesDo they contain carriers? Is the carrier from a wheat source? What is the substrate used to grow the enzymes?
EthanolWhat is it derived from (e.g. wheat, whey (milk))?
If derived from wheat or milk, is it exempt from mandatory allergen declaration? Confirm that all exemption conditions are met.
Fats / oils (including cold- pressed oils, animal fats and vegetable oils)Does it contain antioxidants? Refer to section on Antioxidants.
Check for the addition of soy tocopherols. Refer to section on Tocopherols. Animal fat/oil – what is it derived from (e.g. ghee (milk))?
Vegetable oil- what is the source of the oil (e.g. soy, peanut, sesame, canola, olive, sunflower etc.)? Has it been exposed to other oils manufactured/processed in the same facility (e.g. tree nuts, peanut, sesame)? If soybean oil is present, is it exempt from mandatory allergen declaration? Confirm that all exemption conditions are met. Cold pressed oil, expeller pressed oil, or extruded oil – these oils are not highly refined and may still contain protein. Has the oil been exposed to other cold pressed oils etc., manufactured/processed in the same facility (e.g. tree nuts, peanut, sesame)?
Fatty acids (mono and di- )What are they derived from (e.g. soy)?
Flavour enhancers (620, 621,622, 623,624, 625, 627, 631, 635)What are they derived from (e.g. , sardines (fish), wheat, soy, maize)?
If microbial synthesis occurs, what is the source of the nitrogen and carbohydrate (e.g. wheat, soy, maize etc.)?
FlavoursWhat are they derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, soy, egg, peanut)? Do they contain or are a product of allergens (e.g. milk)?
Do they contain any bases, carriers, anti-caking agents? If yes, what are they derived from?
Does it contain maltodextrin (refer to section on Maltodextrin), casein (milk), oleoresins (refer to section on Oleoresins), emulsifiers (refer to section on Emulsifiers), oils (refer to section on Fat / Oil)?
Do they contain hydrolysed protein? Refer to section on Hydrolysed Proteins. Do they contain yeasts or yeast extracts? Refer to section on Yeast/yeast extract.
Do they contain fatty acids (e.g. mono-, di- or triglycerides?) Refer to section on Fatty Acids.
Have they been microencapsulated with fish gelatine?
Check waxes/coatings applied to fruits for allergens.
GelatineWhat is the gelatine derived from (e.g. isinglass (fish), , pork, chicken etc.)? Check for the addition of sulphites.
Gellan gumWhat is the carbohydrate source used to grow the gum (e.g. wheat, maize, molasses, cane sugar)? What is the protein source used to grow the gum (e.g. soy, egg)?
GlazeDoes it contain egg or milk?
Glucose / glucose syrupWhat is it derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, rice, potato, oats etc.)?
Glucose syrups made from wheat starch may be exempt from mandatory declaration. Confirm that all exemption conditions are met.
GlycerineCheck for peanut.
Herb extract(s)Do they contain any bases, carriers, anti-caking agents (e.g. maltodextrin, flour, oleoresins, emulsifiers)? If yes, what are they derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, soy, egg etc.)?
Herb(s)Do they contain any bases, carriers, anti-caking agents (e.g. maltodextrin, flour, oleoresins, emulsifiers)? If yes, what are they derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, soy, egg)?
Hydrolysed animal proteinWhat is it derived from? Is it a product of casein or whey (milk), egg, fish?
Note: Hydrolysed allergen proteins may be difficult to detect through and may be allergenic even when not detected.
Hydrolysed vegetable proteinWhat is it derived from? Is it a product of soy, wheat, maize, peanut, sesame etc.? Note: Hydrolysed allergen proteins may be difficult to detect through analysis and may be allergenic even when not detected.
Icing sugarIs it 100% pure icing sugar? If not, what else is added (e.g. wheat)?
IsoflavonesAre they derived from soy?
LecithinWhat is it derived from? Is it a product of soy, egg etc.?
Note: In some countries, certain soy lecithin products may be exempt from allergen declaration. Check the Code carefully to determine the declaration in Australia and New Zealand.
LysosymeWhat is it derived from? Is it a product of egg? If checking for the presence of egg
protein, ensure appropriate test method is used (such as the lysozyme ELISA method).
Malt / malt extractWhat is it derived from (e.g. cereals containing gluten such as wheat, barley)?
MaltodextrinCheck for wheat and added sulphites.
Glucose syrups made from wheat starch may be exempt from mandatory declaration. Confirm if the maltodextrin is exempt. Confirm that all exemption conditions are met.
MayonnaiseWhat are the ingredients (including compound ingredients)? Do they contain allergens (e.g. egg, milk, soy)?
Meat (including manufactured – fish, meat, , smallgoods)Does it contain binders? If yes, do the binders contain milk, egg, cereals containing gluten?
Does this product contain fillers? If yes, do the fillers contain soy, cereals containing gluten?
Does it contain cure/brine premixes, or massage mixes? If yes, do they contain milk, egg?
Does it contain seasoning premixes? If yes, do they contain wheat, egg, milk, soy? Refer to sections on Herb(s), Spice(s) and their extracts.
Does it contain processing aids such as lactoperoxidase (milk)? Does it contain sulphites?
Milk powderDoes it contain soy lecithin?
MineralsAre they microencapsulated with fish gelatine?
MustardDoes it contain wheat? Refer to Table 2 (Allergens associated with agricultural co- mingling).
Non-dairy creamersMilk derivatives have been reported in some non-dairy creamers.
OleoresinsDo they contain antioxidants/tocopherols or emulsifier? If yes, what are they derived from (e.g. soy, egg, sesame)? Refer to section on Tocopherols.
Omega 3, 6Are they derived from fish, linseed etc.? Check for the addition of soy lecithin.
Polyols (sugar alcohols) e.g. sorbitol (420)What are they derived from (wheat, milk, tree nuts, maize etc.)?
Some polyols such as sorbitol can be a product of glucose syrup derived from wheat starch, which may be exempt from mandatory declaration. Confirm that all exemption conditions are met.
Processing aidsAre there any processing aids derived from allergen sources?
RennetWhat is it derived from (e.g. bovine or synthetic)? If synthetic, what is the source (e.g. maize, wheat, soy, molasses, sugar beet)?
Rice flourDoes it contain wheat or other allergens from other plant sources (soy, lupin etc.)?
Seasoning pre-mixesDo they contain wheat, egg, milk, soy? Refer to sections on Herb(s), Spice(s) and their extracts.
Shortening powderDoes it contain wheat, maize, casein (milk) etc.?
Soy SauceDoes it contain wheat (in addition to soy)?
Spice extract(s)Do they contain any bases, carriers, anti-caking agents (e.g. maltodextrin, flour, oleoresins, emulsifiers)? If yes, what are they derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, soy, egg etc.)?
Spice(s)Do they contain any bases, carriers, anti-caking agents (e.g. maltodextrin, flour, oleoresins, emulsifiers)? If yes, what are they derived from (e.g. wheat, maize, soy, egg)?
StabilisersWhat are they derived from (e.g. soy, egg, cereals containing gluten)?
Starch (including native or chemically or physically modified)What is the starch derived from (maize, tapioca, potato, wheat)? Check for added sulphites.
Sterols (plant)For soybean derivatives that are phytosterols, confirm if allergen labelling exemptions apply.
SuetCheck for cereals containing gluten.
SugarWhat is it derived from (e.g. cane sugar, sugar beet, wheat)?
Sulphites – sulphur dioxide, bisulphite, metabisulphite (220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 228)What is the concentration of added sulphites? Check level of addition (mg/kg (ppm) or mg/100g)?
SultanasCheck for wheat starch used as an anti-caking agent.
Textured vegetable proteinDoes it contain wheat, soy?
ThickenerWhat is the thickener derived from (maize, tapioca, potato, wheat) and what is the carrier material?
TocopherolsWhat are the tocopherols derived from (wheat, soy)?
For soybean derivatives that are tocopherols, confirm if allergen labelling exemptions apply.
TriticaleIs this a wheat and rye hybrid?
Vegetable OilRefer to section on Fats / oils (including cold-pressed oils, animal fats and vegetable oils)
VinegarWhat is the vinegar derived from (e.g. wheat, barley, maize, malt, milk)? If balsamic vinegar, does it contain caramel? Refer to section on Caramel.
For vinegars derived from alcohol distilled from whey (milk) or wheat – confirm if allergen labelling exemptions apply.
Vitamin ECheck for soy. Refer to section on Tocopherols.
Vitamins / vitamin premixAre they microencapsulated with fish gelatine?
If spray-dried, confirm the medium (e.g. maltodextrin). Check for lactose (milk)) carriers.
Wine / wine vinegarFor wines and wine vinegars, are clarifying/fining agents used during the processing of wine (e.g. casein (milk), egg white, isinglass (fish), gelatine (beef, fish, chicken, pork) or chitosan (sourced from crustacea))?
If isinglass is used as a clarifying agent, confirm if allergen labelling exemptions apply. Check for sulphites.
Worscestershire sauceCheck for the addition of anchovies (fish), soy.
Xanthan gumWhat is the carbohydrate source used to grow the gum (e.g. wheat, maize, molasses, cane sugar)?
What is the protein source used to grow the gum (e.g. soy, egg)?
Yeast / yeast extractWhat is the substrate the yeast is grown on (e.g. wheat, malt, barley, soy etc.)? Where barley and or wheat are used as a substrate – are they malted?
Are there any carriers? Refer to section on Flavours.

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