Legislation

Table 1 regulation for the egg sector legislation status of food

RegulationDescription
(EC) No 1069/2009The legal framework for the and supervision of animal products
(EU) No 142/2011Implementing Regulation
(EC) No 178/2002General principles and of food law, establishing the European and laying down in matters of food safety
(EC) No 852/2004
(EC) No 853/2004Hygiene in the production of products of animal origin
(EC) No 2073/2005Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs
(EC) No 1169/2011Provision of food information to consumers
(EC) No 1333/2008Food
(EC) No 2160/2003 Control

Microbiology

Table 2 Microbiological occurring

GRO2.T(1)phMinus. AwInc, timeExpensiveDRVV/ VISymptomsProducts
Aeromonasfa5-405-90.978-48 hours2 -7 days100 000 000VIAbdominal pain, (watery) diarrhoeaWater, , , eggs, vegetables, (chicken)
Salmonella Enteritidisfa5-504-90.948 – 72 hours1 – 3 days> 100 000 ( sometimes 10)VIDiarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, abdominal pain, eggs, raw meat, milk, vegetables

Chemical

Table 3 possible hazards derived from table Chemistry

DustFoodLegalComments
dioxins: polychlorinated dibenzodioxides (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans PCDFs, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD)meat (via feed) and poultry meat, fish (in particular certain fatty fish such as herring and salmon) and vegetables, oils and fats, dairy and eggsMax. content 684/2004, EC Regulation No 2375/2001formed from chlorine-containing compounds during heating under low-oxygen conditions. Above a certain threshold level carcinogenic to humans and animals
PCBs (collective name for a group of 209 chemically prepared synthetic substances that do not occur naturallymeat (via feed) and poultry meat, fish (in particular certain fatty fish such as herring and salmon) and vegetables, oils and fats, dairy and eggsMax. content 684/2004, EC Regulation No 2375/2001carcinogenic to humans and animals. Furthermore: skin disorders, abnormalities of the reproductive system and liver diseases. PCBs burn above 1200 °C, dissolve poorly in water and are used as a plasticizer in plastic, paint, ink, lacquer and glue and in insecticides
residues: (animal) medicines, antibiotics and other anti-microbial substances, growth promoter, vitaminsmeatforbiddenmeat inspection. For each medicinal , a Maximum Residue Level (MRL) is regulated, whereby the maximum permitted concentration in meat, liver, kidney, fat, milk and eggs is regulated. Furthermore, in EU countries and US ban on chloramphenicol and nitrofurans. However, in Eastern European and certain Asian countries they may be used.

Table 4 Viruses, rickettsie in egg products,derived from Hazard table Other Biotoxins

Name poisoningOriginFoodToxic dose (ug)Illness
measures
Comments
biogenic-amine-histamineplants, animals and microbesalmost all protein-rich foods. Histamine is formed from histide by enzymes of mostly the Enterobacteriaceae.influencing physiological processes in the body. Consumption of biogenic amines can lead to poisoning. : nausea, shortness of breath, palpitations, rash, abnormal blood pressure and headache.often occurs in fish in the form of histamine, symptoms resemble food allergy.

Fraud

The NVWA-IOD focuses on various forms of in the poultry sector, such as meat fraud, manure fraud and fraud with eggs and illegal use of plant protection products and biocides. It identifies the following forms of fraud with regard to eggs: re-catting of poultry products (destination); fraud with THT date; fraud with the classification of eggs. Omcats of poultry products (destination). Category 3 eggs are upgraded to products for human consumption.

More information about fraud can be found on the following link Fraud Eggs Status of Food Safety