Introduction Food Legislation and Fraud

According to the European Commission, the following fact summarize EU law and cases. These are taken into account: animal feed, animal , composite food, , eggs, and seafood, food for specific , food authority, foodstuff plant-based, general, hospitality and craft , , supplements, and .

Find here the factsheets.

Food Legislation

People must have access to safe and nutritious food. A number of food-related occurrences in the late 1990s highlighted the need for comprehensive and for food and feed law at the Union level. In response, the European Commission created a comprehensive for food safety “from farm to fork,” which was principally outlined in its White Paper on Food Safety. The entire food chain is covered, including the production of feed, primary production, food processing, , delivery, and sales.

Food Fraud

In order to achieve an unfair advantage for themselves, usually financially, a food business operator may intentionally mislead customers about the and/or composition of the food they are . This is known as .

Types of food fraud: adulteration, tampering and mislabelling, counterfeit, grey market, substitution.


  • European Commission
  • FAO
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