Introduction to parasites

We have several HACCP tables. Below you can see the HACCP variation table we have compiled on . As this table is very extensive, we recommend using the download below to view the table properly.

Table: Possible hazards parasites

ParasiteGroupOriginFood MeasurementsComments
Anisakis marinaRoundwormsMarine mammals are the final hosts; shellfish are intermediate hosts.Fish, raw and not correctly treated herring.Anisakiasis by larvae: consumed larvae cause stomach and intestine infections similar to appendicitis.Deep : 24 hours at -20 °C. Heating until 50 °C, Marinating until pH. 
Cryptosporidium parvumProtozoaFarm animals are intermediate (intestine parasites); humans are the final hosts. and food products are contaminated with animal faeces.Cryptosporidiosis: by consumption of encapsulated fertilized eggs (=oocytes) that develop in the human intestine into full-grown protozoa and could cause diseases. Incubation is between 3-14 days.Good hygiene during slaughter.Calves and are frequently contaminated. Risks for humans are, in general small. Livestock keepers and slaughters are risk that could prevent diseases with the help of good hygiene.
Echinococcus granulosisTapewormDogs are the final hosts. Eggs, in faeces. Humans, pigs and sheep are intermediate hosts.Through faeces contaminated food/water.Echinococcosis: eggs develop in the lungs or liver of the human until the next intermediate stage, called bladder worm and possibly causing dangerous .Slaughter as feed for dogs and other animals should be adequately cooked. Hygienic contact with dogs. No slaughtering at home, good meat . 
Entamoeba histolyticaProtozoa (amoebe)HumanThrough faeces contaminated food/water and transport by flies and cockroaches.Amoebic dysentery: intake of cysts leads to diarrhoea or more severe with dead as a consequence.Good sewerage. Cysts are being destroyed at temperatures above 55 °C and freezing.Lives mainly in subtropical areas.
Giardia lambliaProtozoaIntestinal tract; mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians.Through faeces contaminated food/water.Giardiasis: cysts cause illness (nausea, diarrhoea), the disease can take between 1 to 3 months, and the incubation is between 1 to 3 weeks. hygiene, good sewerage, no faecal of water, heating.Cysts are chlorination resistant.
Fasciola hepaticaSunction wormCattle, sheep and humans as final hosts; the snail functions as the intermediate host.A snail, especially watercress contaminate vegetables.Fascioliasis: human consumes cysts that develop to complete grown harmful parasites.Good examination at slaughter and diligent slaughter processes where organs are being removed.
Clonorchis sinensisColiInadequate heated or raw fish from freshwaterClonorchiasis: infection of the gall bladder, liver by consumption of cysts.Cysts are being destroyed at 50 °C.Typically in Asian countries.
Taenia saginatatapewormCattle as intermediate hosts with humans as final hosts.Beefcattle could become severe ill (cysticercosis) by intake of eggs that develop firstly to an intermediate form as bladder worm. After consumption of the bladder worm from beef, are tapeworms able to lay eggs in the human intestine? The consequences are only light symptoms (taeniasis).Examination of cattle. Heating of meat at 70 °C is the minimum core temperature. Freezing.Contamination is probable, and are still needed.
Taenia soliumTapewormPigs are intermediate hosts, humans can function as intermediate and final hosts.Damage to the intestinal wall and spread to other organs with severe diseases.The same as Taenia saginataRare in the Netherlands but common in middle and south Amerika.
Toxoplasma gondiiProtozoa (sporozoa)Cat is the final host, and all warm-blooded animals can function as intermediate hosts.Meat and vegetables are contaminated by cat faeces.Toxoplasmosis. Healthy individuals: intake of a cyst leads to light flu symptoms, the organism could stay for a longer time in the muscles; risk groups are Pregnant women (Meningitis, hydrocephalus for the child). Older adults and young children could get severe symptoms such as blindness. The incubation time is 1-3 weeks.Acceptance. Raw and contaminated meat should not be consumed. Hygienic relations with cats. Proper washing of vegetables (probably contaminated with oocytes of cat). Cysts (infectious) are killed at 70 °C and by freezing.Contamination of cattle is in the Netherlands decreased. Awareness is still important because of the high contamination value.
Trichinella spiralisRoundwormPigs and horses are contaminated by wild and .Pork, horse meat and wild meat.Trichinellosis. Diseases are induced by the consumption of encapsulated larvae. The first symptoms are stomach and intestine issues. From larvae are full-grown worms formed that reproduce in the intestines and transported through the Lymphedema? After that, they do incapsulate in muscles and cause diseases with severe symptoms such as paralysis. In addition, death could be the consequence.Proper examination and acceptance of slaughtered cattle. Do not feed unheated animal-based waste and good corral hygiene. Manufacturer heats with a core temperature of a minimum of 70 °C, lowering aw, salting, smoking or freezing. According to meat legislation. Finally, it is advised that the consumer prevents eating raw pork or wild.Examination of the presence of parasites in meat takes place but is still needed.
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